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Workbook for Psychology VCE Units 3&4 7E

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ISBN: 9780730372004
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Workbook for Psychology VCE Units 3 & 4, 7th Edition
This print Workbook title is the perfect companion to the Jacaranda VCE Psychology series, but also give students the opportunity to learn deeply through practise and unpack the theory through smaller bite-sized activities.

The latest edition of Psychology VCE Units 3 & 4 Workbook includes these key updates:

  • Renowned author John Grivas, regarded for his authoritative and research-based approach, ensures quality content that helps students maximise their VCE success
  • 100% coverage of the Study Design, so teachers can be confident that their resource has only examinable, relevant content
  • Simple language and practical activities (with answers) that can be completed independently by students
  • A range of engaging learning activities to complement the textbook and assist development and understanding of key knowledge and key skills specific for the relevant VCE Psychology units

Introduction xi

Acknowledgements xiii

Psychology — Research Methods

1 Research methods in psychology 3

Activity 1.1 Formulating research hypotheses 6

Activity 1.2 Identifying and operationalising independent and dependent variables 9

Activity 1.3 Distinguishing between extraneous and confounding variables 14

Activity 1.4 Matching exercise on experimental conditions and variables 17

Activity 1.5 Comparing sampling procedures 18

Activity 1.6 Participant selection and allocation for an experiment 22

Activity 1.7 Distinguishing between the single and double blind procedures 24

Activity 1.8 Comparing experimental research designs 26

Activity 1.9 Applying three different experimental research designs 29

Activity 1.10 Summarising key features of a cross-sectional study 34

Activity 1.11 Identifying key features of non-experimental research methods 35

Activity 1.12 Distinguishing between research methods 37

Activity 1.13 Reliability and validity in research 39

Activity 1.14 Procedures for increasing reliability or validity 41

Activity 1.15 Summarising ethics in psychological research and reporting 44

Activity 1.16 Caring for and using animals in research 46

Activity 1.17 Evaluation of research scenarios 48

Activity 1.18 Crossword on concepts and terms in research methods 54

Activity 1.19 True/False quiz on research methods 56

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 1 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

Unit 3 How Does Experience Affect Behaviour and Mental Processes?

2 Nervous system functioning 59

Activity 2.1 Summarising human nervous system organisation and functions 60

Activity 2.2 Structure and function of neurons 64

Activity 2.3 Sequence of activity in a spinal reflex 67

Activity 2.4 Neurotransmission at a synapse 68

Activity 2.5 Neurotransmission as a lock-and-key process 69

Activity 2.6 Sentence completion on nervous system structure and function 71

Activity 2.7 Matching exercise on Parkinson’s disease 74

Activity 2.8 Describing key characteristics of Parkinson’s disease 75

Activity 2.9 Crossword on concepts and terms in the nervous system 78

Activity 2.10 True/False quiz on nervous system functioning 80

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 2 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

3 Stress as a psychobiological process 81

Activity 3.1 Eustress versus Distress 82

Activity 3.2 Sources of stress 84

Activity 3.3 Summarising fight–flight–freeze 86

Activity 3.4 Summarising the General Adaptation Syndrome 88

Activity 3.5 Media analysis/response 90

Activity 3.6 Explaining stress as a psychological process using the Lazarus and Folkman model 95

Activity 3.7 Sentence completion on the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping 97

Activity 3.8 True/False quiz on strategies for coping with stress 99

Activity 3.9 Evaluation of research on the effectiveness of a stress management training program 100

Activity 3.10 Media analysis/response 104

Activity 3.11 Matching exercise on stress concepts 107

Activity 3.12 Crossword on concepts and terms in stress as a psychological process 110

Activity 3.13 True/False quiz on stress as a psychobiological process 112

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 3 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

4 Neural basis of learning and memory 115

Activity 4.1 An overview of neural plasticity 116

Activity 4.2 Long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) 118

Activity 4.3 Hebb’s rule and long-term potentiation 123

Activity 4.4 Evaluation of research on long-term potentiation 126

Activity 4.5 Comparing neurotransmitters and neurohormones 132

Activity 4.6 Summarising the role of adrenaline in the consolidation of emotionally arousing experiences 134

Activity 4.7 How adrenaline can enhance the consolidation of long-term memories of emotionally arousing experiences 136

Activity 4.8 Crossword on concepts and terms in the neural basis of learning and memory 138

Activity 4.9 True/False quiz on the neural basis of learning and memory 140

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 4 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

5 Models to explain learning 141

Activity 5.1 Classical conditioning as a three-phase process 142

Activity 5.2 Summarising the classical conditioning process 143

Activity 5.3 Summarising post-classical conditioning concepts 144

Activity 5.4 Matching exercise on classical conditioning terms 145

Activity 5.5 Describing the classical conditioning process 146

Activity 5.6 Using classical conditioning terms to analyse scenarios 148

Activity 5.7 The ‘Little Albert’ experiment — using classical conditioning to condition an emotional response 152

Activity 5.8 Evaluation of research on the use of classical conditioning to treat persistent bedwetting 156

Activity 5.9 Operant conditioning as a three-phase model 160

Activity 5.10 Matching exercise on operant conditioning 162

Activity 5.11 Describing the operant conditioning process 163

Activity 5.12 Analysing operant conditioning consequences in different events 165

Activity 5.13 Matching exercise on classical and operant conditioning terms 168

Activity 5.14 Comparing classical and operant conditioning 169

Activity 5.15 Summarising and applying observational learning theory 175

Activity 5.16 Influences on observational learning processes 176

Activity 5.17 Crossword on concepts and terms in models to explain learning 180

Activity 5.18 True/False quiz on models to explain learning 182

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 5 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

6 Process of memory 185

Activity 6.1 Comparing different memory stores 186

Activity 6.2 Memory store function, capacity and duration 188

Activity 6.3 An overview of the Atkinson–Shiffrin model 189

Activity 6.4 Information flow through the Atkinson–Shiffrin multi-store model of memory 190

Activity 6.5 Matching exercise on the human memory systems 192

Activity 6.6 Summarising long-term memory types 193

Activity 6.7 Matching exercise on brain regions, memory time frames and memory storage 194

Activity 6.8 Brain regions involved in LTM storage 195

Activity 6.9 Analysis of a scenario involving LTM formation and storage 196

Activity 6.10 Summarising memory stores and processes 199

Activity 6.11 Crossword on concepts and terms in memory 202

Activity 6.12 True/False quiz on the process of memory 204

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 6 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

7 Reliability of memory 205

Activity 7.1 Methods to retrieve information from memory or demonstrate the existence of information in memory 206

Activity 7.2 Distinguishing between recall, recognition and relearning 208

Activity 7.3 Measuring relearning by calculating a savings score 209

Activity 7.4 Memory reconstruction concept chart 212

Activity 7.5 Summarising how errors and distortions creep into reconstructed memories 213

Activity 7.6 Elizabeth Loftus’ revised model of recall from LTM 215

Activity 7.7 Summarising effects of brain trauma on memory 218

Activity 7.8 True/False quiz on Alzheimer’s disease 220

Activity 7.9 Matching exercise on memory loss due to brain damage 221

Activity 7.10 Summarising how context and state dependent cues influence ability and inability to remember 222

Activity 7.11 Distinguishing between context and state dependent cues 224

Activity 7.12 Evaluation of research on retrieval cues 225

Activity 7.13 Distinguishing between maintenance and elaborative rehearsal 229

Activity 7.14 Graphing and interpreting the serial position effect 231

Activity 7.15 Crossword on concepts and terms in reliability of memory 234

Activity 7.16 True/False quiz on the reliability of memory 236

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 7 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

Unit 4 How is Wellbeing Developed and Maintained?

8 Nature of consciousness 241

Activity 8.1 Explaining characteristics of consciousness 242

Activity 8.2 Mapping states of consciousness on a continuum 246

Activity 8.3 Distinguishing between selective and divided attention 251

Activity 8.4 Sorting examples of selective and divided attention 255

Activity 8.5 Comparing brain waves and associated levels of alertness 256

Activity 8.6 Identifying brain wave patterns for different activities 258

Activity 8.7 Measurement of physiological, psychological and behavioural responses indicating different states of consciousness 259

Activity 8.8 Summarising changes in levels of alertness due to stimulants and depressants 263

Activity 8.9 Controlled verses automatic processes 264

Activity 8.10 Psychological states associated with levels of alertness 270

Activity 8.11 Matching exercise on the nature of consciousness 274

Activity 8.12 Comparing the effects of one night of full sleep deprivation vs legal blood alcohol concentrations 275

Activity 8.13 Crossword on concepts and terms in the nature of consciousness 278

Activity 8.14 True/false quiz on the nature of consciousness 280

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 8 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

9 Sleep 281

Activity 9.1 Examining the definition of sleep 282

Activity 9.2 Distinguishing between circadian and ultradian rhythms 284

Activity 9.3 NREM vs REM sleep characteristics 286

Activity 9.4 Drawing a hypnogram showing a typical night’s sleep for a healthy young adult 287

Activity 9.5 Comparing restoration and evolutionary theories of sleep 289

Activity 9.6 Comparing sleep patterns across the lifespan 291

Activity 9.7 Analysis of data on age-related patterns and proportions of sleep 294

Activity 9.8 Summarising sleep as a naturally occurring state of consciousness 296

Activity 9.9 Evaluation of research on sleep and memory 298

Activity 9.10 Crossword on concepts and terms in sleep 304

Activity 9.11 True/False quiz on sleep 306

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 9 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

10 Sleep disturbances 307

Activity 10.1 Dyssomnias versus parasomnias 308

Activity 10.2 Analysing sleep-onset insomnia 309

Activity 10.3 Analysing Lady Macbeth’s sleep walking episode 311

Activity 10.4 Analysing circadian rhythm phase disorders associated with different life experiences 313

Activity 10.5 Comparing jet lag when flying in easterly and westerly directions 315

Activity 10.6 Applying effects of partial sleep deprivation 316

Activity 10.7 Evaluation of research on night shift work and driving performance 318

Activity 10.8 Intervening with psychotherapy to treat a sleep disorder 322

Activity 10.9 Intervening with bright light therapy to treat circadian rhythm phase disorders 325

Activity 10.10 Matching exercise on sleep disturbances 327

Activity 10.11 Crossword on concepts and terms in sleep disturbances 328

Activity 10.12 True/False quiz on sleep disturbances 330

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 10 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

11 Mental health 333

Activity 11.1 Plotting mental health on a continuum 334

Activity 11.2 Distinguishing between internal and external factors that can influence mental health 340

Activity 11.3 Summarising characteristics of a mentally healthy person 342

Activity 11.4 Ethical implications in mental health study and research 344

Activity 11.5 Evaluation of a mental health research study 346

Activity 11.6 Matching exercise on mental health 350

Activity 11.7 Crossword on concepts and terms in mental health 352

Activity 11.8 True/False quiz on mental health 354

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 11 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

12 Mental disorder 357

Activity 12.1 Distinguishing between mental health risk and protective factors 358

Activity 12.2 Applying understanding of biological risk factors 360

Activity 12.3 Summarising psychological risk factors 363

Activity 12.4 Summarising social risk factors 365

Activity 12.5 Evaluation of research on risk factors for mental health in adolescence 367

Activity 12.6 Matching exercise on mental disorder 371

Activity 12.7 Crossword on concepts and terms in mental disorder 372

Activity 12.8 True/False quiz on mental disorder 374

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 12 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

13 Specific phobia 375

Activity 13.1 Comparing stress, anxiety and phobia 376

Activity 13.2 Summarising factors contributing to the development of a specific phobia 377

Activity 13.3 Psychological factors perpetuating specific phobias 379

Activity 13.4 Matching exercise on biological interventions for a specific phobia 380

Activity 13.5 Media response/analysis 381

Activity 13.6 Sequencing phobic stimuli in fear hierarchies 384

Activity 13.7 Evidence-based social interventions for specific phobias 386

Activity 13.8 Evaluation of research on emetophobia — a specific phobia of vomiting 390

Activity 13.9 Summarising evidence-based interventions 394

Activity 13.10 Sentence completion on specific phobia 397

Activity 13.11 Crossword on concepts and terms in specific phobia 400

Activity 13.12 True/False quiz on specific phobia 402

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 13 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

14 Maintenance of mental health 405

Activity 14.1 Summarising biological protective factors 406

Activity 14.2 Research evaluation on how diet may affect anxiety 408

Activity 14.3 Changing unhelpful thoughts as a psychological protective factor 412

Activity 14.4 Analysing social support as a social protective factor 413

Activity 14.5 Applying the transtheoretical model of behaviour change 414

Activity 14.6 Media analysis/response 417

Activity 14.7 Matching exercise on maintenance of mental health 421

Activity 14.8 Crossword on concepts and terms in maintenance of mental health 422

Activity 14.9 True/False quiz on maintenance of mental health 424

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 14 activities are available in your eBookPLUS