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Workbook for Psychology VCE Units 1&2 8E

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ISBN: 9780730371953
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Workbook for Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2, 8th Edition
This print Workbook title is the perfect companion to the Jacaranda VCE Psychology series, but also give students the opportunity to learn deeply through practise and unpack the theory through smaller bite-sized activities.

The latest edition of Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2 Workbook includes these key updates:

  • Renowned author John Grivas, regarded for his authoritative and research-based approach, ensures quality content that helps students maximise their VCE success
  • 100% coverage of the Study Design, so teachers can be confident that their resource has only examinable, relevant content
  • Simple language and practical activities (with answers) that can be completed independently by students
  • A range of engaging learning activities to complement the textbook and assist development and understanding of key knowledge and key skills specific for the relevant VCE Psychology units

Introduction viii

Acknowledgements ix

Psychology — Introduction and Research Methods

1 Introduction to psychology 3

Activity 1.1 Analysing the subject matter of psychology 4

Activity 1.2 Interpreting the biopsychosocial approach to psychology 6

Activity 1.3 Matching exercise on areas of specialisation in psychology 8

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 1 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

2 Research methods in psychology 9

Activity 2.1 Summarising the steps in psychological research 13

Activity 2.2 Analysing a population and samples 16

Activity 2.3 Understanding variables and operationalising 18

Activity 2.4 Experimental conditions on variables 21

Activity 2.5 Analysing experimental research scenarios 23

Activity 2.6 Minimising extraneous and confounding variables 26

Activity 2.7 Applying sampling procedures 30

Activity 2.8 Comparing three experimental research designs 32

Activity 2.9 Analysing experimental research on the relationship between exercise and cognitive abilities 35

Activity 2.10 What am I? 38

Activity 2.11 Summarising various types of data 39

Activity 2.12 Using descriptive statistics to summarise and describe research results 41

Activity 2.13 Interpreting reliability and validity in research 43

Activity 2.14 Classifying ethically appropriate conduct for psychological research 46

Activity 2.15 Analysing research on the relationship between eye movements during sleep and dreaming 47

Activity 2.16 Crossword on concepts and terms in research methods 54

Activity 2.17 True/False quiz on research methods in psychology 56

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 2 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

Unit 1 How are Behaviour and Mental Processes Shaped?

3 Role of the brain in mental processes and behaviour 61

Activity 3.1 Summarising three early approaches to understanding the brain 62

Activity 3.2 Comparing three early brain experiments 63

Activity 3.3 Sentence completion on neuroimaging techniques 64

Activity 3.4 Mapping the human nervous system 67

Activity 3.5 Matching exercise on the neuron 70

Activity 3.6 Comparing roles of different glial cells 71

Activity 3.7 Evaluation of an experimental research design to test a new drug 72

Activity 3.8 Organising structures and functions of the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain 76

Activity 3.9 Classifying hemispheric specialisations 78

Activity 3.10 Summarising the roles of the cerebral cortex and its cortical lobes 80

Activity 3.11 Comparing Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas 85

Activity 3.12 Assembling a jigsaw of the brain 88

Activity 3.13 Crossword on the concepts and terms in the role of the brain in mental processes and behaviour 92

Activity 3.14 True/False quiz on the role of the brain in mental processes and behaviour 94

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 3 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

4 Brain plasticity and brain damage 97

Activity 4.1 True/False quiz on brain development in infancy and adolescence 98

Activity 4.2 Summarising key processes in brain development in infancy and adolescence 99

Activity 4.3 Analysing brain injury 101

Activity 4.4 Examining the case of Phineas Gage and other patients with frontal lobe brain injury 103

Activity 4.5 Exploring brain injury to the parietal lobe 106

Activity 4.6 Analysing and summarising neuroplasticity 108

Activity 4.7 Evaluation of research using animals to study brain damage 110

Activity 4.8 Summarising Parkinson’s disease 113

Activity 4.9 Outlining the development of Levodopa 114

Activity 4.10 Crossword on concepts and terms in brain plasticity and brain damage 116

Activity 4.11 True/False quiz on brain plasticity and brain damage 118

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 4 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

5 The complexity of psychological development 121

Activity 5.1 Estimating hereditary and environmental influences 122

Activity 5.2 Evaluation of research on a sensitive period in development 125

Activity 5.3 Media response on an aspect of development 129

Activity 5.4 Ainsworth Strange Situation procedure (1978) 131

Activity 5.5 Summarising influences on attachment 135

Activity 5.6 Analysing Harlow’s experiment on attachment in monkeys 136

Activity 5.7 Development of cognitive abilities 138

Activity 5.8 Identifying Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development 140

Activity 5.9 Matching exercise on Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development 141

Activity 5.10 Crossword on concepts and terms in psychological development 142

Activity 5.11 True/False quiz on psychological development 144

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 5 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

6 Atypical psychological development 147

Activity 6.1 Approaches to describing normality 148

Activity 6.2 Analysing the concept of normality 149

Activity 6.3 Distinguishing between mentally healthy, mental health problem and mental disorder 152

Activity 6.4 Applying two models that explain mental health as a product of internal and external factors 153

Activity 6.5 Explaining an addiction to gambling from a biopsychosocial perspective 155

Activity 6.6 Analysing anxiety disorders 157

Activity 6.7 Sentence completion on mood disorders 158

Activity 6.8 Evaluation of research on antisocial personality disorder 160

Activity 6.9 Summarising the ‘two-hit’ hypothesis 163

Activity 6.10 Matching exercise on atypical psychological development 164

Activity 6.11 Crossword on concepts and terms in atypical psychological development 166

Activity 6.12 True/False quiz on atypical psychological development 168

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 6 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

Unit 2 How Do External Factors Influence Behaviour and Mental Processes?

7 Sensation and perception 171

Activity 7.1 Distinguishing between processes involved in sensation and perception 172

Activity 7.2 From eye to brain — roles of different structures in processing light 174

Activity 7.3 Left and right visual fields and their representation in the visual cortex 177

Activity 7.4 An overview of visual perception principles 178

Activity 7.5 Applying Gestalt principles of visual perception 180

Activity 7.6 Summarising depth perception 181

Activity 7.7 Applying pictorial depth cues to influence perception of depth in a 2D sketch 183

Activity 7.8 Evaluation of research on the development of depth perception 184

Activity 7.9 Applying perceptual constancies in everyday life 188

Activity 7.10 Summarising factors influencing perceptual set in visual perception 189

Activity 7.11 Applying the biopsychosocial model to visual perception 190

Activity 7.12 Matching exercise on taste 192

Activity 7.13 Analysing taste perception 193

Activity 7.14 Data analysis on the role of smell in taste perception 195

Activity 7.15 Crossword on concepts and terms in sensation and perception 198

Activity 7.16 True/False quiz on sensation and perception 200

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 7 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

8 Distortions of perception 201

Activity 8.1 Analysis of visual illusions 202

Activity 8.2 Explaining the Müller-Lyer illusion from a biopsychosocial perspective 206

Activity 8.3 Measuring the Müller-Lyer illusion 208

Activity 8.4 Build an Ames room and examine the illusion 210

Activity 8.5 Summarising influences on the judgment of flavour 221

Activity 8.6 Analysing perceptual distortion associated with synaesthesia 223

Activity 8.7 What’s the difference? 225

Activity 8.8 Crossword on concepts and terms in distortion of perception 228

Activity 8.9 True/False quiz on distortions of deception 230

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 8 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

9 Social cognition 231

Activity 9.1 Analysing person perception 232

Activity 9.2 Forming impressions of personality – the Asch test 233

Activity 9.3 Judging personality on the basis of appearance 235

Activity 9.4 Matching exercise on the role of attributions in interpreting the social world 238

Activity 9.5 Understanding your attitudes 238

Activity 9.6 Summarising the tri-component model of attitudes 240

Activity 9.7 Analysing the ABC΄s of attitudes 241

Activity 9.8 Factors influencing attitude–behaviour consistency 244

Activity 9.9 Identifying influences on attitude formation 245

Activity 9.10 Matching exercise on stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination 246

Activity 9.11 Take the Implicit Association Test — You be the participant 247

Activity 9.12 Linking stereotype, prejudice and discrimination 248

Activity 9.13 Summarising strategies for reducing prejudice 250

Activity 9.14 Media response on attitudes, prejudice and discrimination 251

Activity 9.15 Crossword on concepts and terms in social cognition 256

Activity 9.16 True/False quiz on social cognition 258

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 9 activities are available in your eBookPLUS

10 Social influences on behaviour 261

Activity 10.1 Differentiating between a group and collective 262

Activity 10.2 Describing the relationship between status and power 262

Activity 10.3 Flow chart summary of Zimbardo’s (1971) Stanford Prison Experiment 264

Activity 10.4 Flow chart summary of Milgram’s (1963) experiment on obedience to authority 266

Activity 10.5 Evaluation of an Australian variation of Milgram’s (1963) experiment 268

Activity 10.6 Comparing factors affecting obedience 270

Activity 10.7 Flow chart summary of Asch’s (1951) experiment on conformity 272

Activity 10.8 Comparing influences on conformity 274

Activity 10.9 Identifying pro-social behaviour 275

Activity 10.10 Identifying influences on helping behaviour 276

Activity 10.11 Summarising influences on reluctance to help 279

Activity 10.12 Analysing bullying 280

Activity 10.13 Highlighting effects of bullying on individuals 283

Activity 10.14 Reflecting on the influence of media on your own behaviour 285

Activity 10.15 Evaluation of research on the bystander effect in cyberspace 286

Activity 10.16 Crossword on concepts and terms in social influences on behaviour 290

Activity 10.17 True/False quiz on social influences on behaviour 292

Answers and sample responses to Chapter 10 activities are available in your eBookPLUS