Jacaranda Chemistry 2 VCE Units 3 and 4 2E LearnON and Print Image

Jacaranda Chemistry 2 VCE Units 3 and 4 2E LearnON and Print

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ISBN: 9780730373902
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Jacaranda Chemistry 2 VCE Units 3 & 4, 2nd Edition, learnON & Print + studyON
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the VCE Study Design for Chemistry. The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the powerful digital learning platform making learning personalised and visible for both students and teachers.

The latest editions of the Jacaranda Chemistry VCE series include these key features:

  • Explicitly structured to the VCE Chemistry Study Design (2016-2021), with content aligned to all the key knowledge and key skills
  • In learnON, you get greater visibility into student progress and performance, allowing you to easily tailor lesson plans and create custom tests
  • Tailored exercise sets at the end of every subtopic, providing students the opportunity to test their knowledge
  • Detailed topic and Area of Study reviews, providing students with opportunities for revision with key concept summaries, key terms, investigation and an extensive range of questions and an offline printable studyON booklet with past VCE questions
  • New printable Practical Investigation logbook, with teacher-led videos
  • A dedicated topic designed to enhance skills in scientific methodology with links to, conducting practical investigations and communicating through scientific reports
  • Enhanced teacher support, including;
    • Work programs, curriculum grids and teaching advice
    • Practical investigation support, with laboratory information, risk assessment, expected results and demonstrative videos
    • Quarantined tests and SACs complete with worked solutions, exemplary responses and marking rubics
    • learnON provides visibility into student progress and performance, allowing you to customise lessons, tests and assessments
For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs.

About this resource viii

Acknowledgements x

Unit 3 How Can Chemical Processes Be Designed to Optimise Efficiency? 1

Area of Study 1 What are the Options for Energy Production?

1 Obtaining energy from fuels 3

1.1 Overview 3

1.2 Fossil fuels and biofuels 4

1.3 Combustion of fuels 12

1.4 Thermochemical equations 21

1.5 Gaseous fuels and the universal gas equation 29

1.6 Calculations related to the combustion of fuels 38

1.7 Calculating heat energy using the specific heat capacity of water 44

1.8 Review 47

2 Fuel choices 59

2.1 Overview 59

2.2 Comparing energy sources 60

2.3 Suitability of fuels for transport 65

2.4 Review 69

3 Galvanic cells as a source of energy 73

3.1 Overview 73

3.2 Redox reactions and half-equations 74

3.3 Galvanic cells. 83

3.4 The electrochemical series 89

3.5 Review 103

4 Fuel cells as a source of energy 113

4.1 Overview 113

4.2 Fuel cells 114

4.3 Review 124

Area of Study 1 Review

Practice examination 129

Practice school-assessed coursework 135

Area of Study 2 How Can Yield of Processes Be Optimised?

5 Rate of chemical reactions 136

5.1 Overview 136

5.2 How does a chemical reaction occur? 137

5.3 Exothermic and endothermic reactions 141

5.4 Factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction 145

5.5 Catalysts and reaction rates 148

5.6 Review 151

6 Extent of chemical reactions 159

6.1 Overview 159

6.2 Reversible and irreversible reactions 160

6.3 Homogenous equilibria 162

6.4 Calculations involving equilibrium systems 168

6.5 Measuring the efficiency of a reaction or process 178

6.6 Le Châtelier’s principle 181

6.7 Review 196

7 Production of chemicals by electrolysis and rechargeable batteries 206

7.1 Overview 206

7.2 What is electrolysis?  207

7.3 Predicting reactions that occur during electrolysis 212

7.4 Commercial applications of electrolysis 220

7.5 Comparing galvanic and electrolytic cells. 225

7.6 Calculations in electrolysis using Faraday’s Laws 227

7.7 Rechargeable batteries (secondary cells) 235

7.8 Review 240

Area of Study 2 Review

Practice examination 250

Practice school-assessed coursework 255

Unit 4 How are Organic Compounds Categorised, Analysed and Used? 257

Area of Study 1 How Can Organic Compounds Be Categorised?

8 Structure and nomenclature of organic compounds 259

8.1 Overview 259

8.2 The carbon atom. 260

8.3 Structure and naming of organic compounds 264

8.4 Functional groups and naming priority 281

8.5 Isomers 285

8.6 Review 291

9 Categories, properties and reactions of organic compounds 300

9.1 Overview 300

9.2 Explaining trends in physical properties 301

9.3 Organic reactions 309

9.4 Reaction pathways 318

9.5 Review 323

10 Analysis of organic compounds 331

10.1 Overview 331

10.2 Mass spectrometry 332

10.3 Infrared spectroscopy 338

10.4 NMR spectroscopy 345

10.5 Combining spectroscopic techniques 354

10.6 Chromatography 358

10.7 Volumetric analysis by titration 365

10.8 Review 375

Area of Study 1 Review

Practice examination 386

Practice school-assessed coursework 392

Area of Study 2 What is the Chemistry of Food?

11 Key food molecules 396

11.1 Overview 396

11.2 Proteins 397

11.3 Carbohydrates 410

11.4 Fats and oils 419

11.5 Vitamins 425

11.6 Review 429

12 Metabolism of food in the human body 438

12.1 Overview 438

12.2 Metabolism of food 439

12.3 Enzymes as protein catalysts 442

12.4 Denaturation and hydrolysis of proteins 451

12.5 Carbohydrates 454

12.6 Fats and oils 460

12.7 Coenzymes 463

12.8 Review 466

13 Energy content of food 474

13.1 Overview 474

13.2 Energy values of carbohydrates, proteins and fats and oils 475

13.3 Glucose—the primary energy source 478

13.4 Principles of calorimetry 480

13.5 Review 491

Area of Study 2 Review

Practice examination 499

Practice school-assessed coursework 504

14 Practical investigation 506

14.1 Overview 506

14.2 Key science skills in chemistry 507

14.3 Concepts specific to investigations 517

14.4 Scientific research methodologies and techniques 521

14.5 Ethics, and health and safety guidelines 533

14.6 Methods of organising, analysing and evaluating primary data 537

14.7 Models and theories to understand observed phenomena 549

14.8 Nature of evidence and key findings of investigations 552

14.9 Conventions of scientific report writing and scientific poster presentation 553

14.10 Review 564

Answers 574

Glossary 625

Index 635

Periodic table of the elements 642