Jacaranda Chemistry 1 VCE Units 1 and 2 2E LearnON and Print Image

Jacaranda Chemistry 1 VCE Units 1 and 2 2E LearnON and Print

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ISBN: 9780730373643
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Jacaranda Chemistry 1 VCE Units 1 & 2, 2nd Edition, learnON & Print + studyON
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the VCE Study Design for Chemistry. The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the powerful digital learning platform making learning personalised and visible for both students and teachers.

The latest editions of the Jacaranda Chemistry VCE series include these key features:

  • Explicitly structured to the VCE Chemistry Study Design (2016-2021), with content aligned to all the key knowledge and key skills
  • In learnON, you get greater visibility into student progress and performance, allowing you to easily tailor lesson plans and create custom tests
  • Tailored exercise sets at the end of every subtopic, providing students the opportunity to test their knowledge
  • Detailed topic and Area of Study reviews, providing students with opportunities for revision with key concept summaries, key terms, investigation and an extensive range of questions and an offline printable studyON booklet with past VCE questions
  • New printable Practical Investigation logbook, with teacher-led videos
  • A dedicated topic designed to enhance skills in scientific methodology with links to, conducting practical investigations and communicating through scientific reports
  • Enhanced teacher support, including;
    • Work programs, curriculum grids and teaching advice
    • Practical investigation support, with laboratory information, risk assessment, expected results and demonstrative videos
    • Quarantined tests and SACs complete with worked solutions, exemplary responses and marking rubics
    • learnON provides visibility into student progress and performance, allowing you to customise lessons, tests and assessments
For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs.

About this resource ix

Acknowledgements xi

Unit 1 How Can the Diversity of Materials Be Explained? 1

Area of Study 1 How Can Knowledge of Elements Explain the Properties of Matter?

1 Elements 3

1.1 Overview 3

1.2 Atomic structure 4

1.3 Representing atoms 10

1.4 Electrons 13

1.5 Review 21

2 The periodic table 28

2.1 Overview 28

2.2 Organisation of the periodic table 29

2.3 Patterns and trends in the periodic table 32

2.4 Review 41

3 Metals 46

3.1 Overview 46

3.2 Properties of metals 47

3.3 Reactivity of metals 55

3.4 Extraction of metal from its ore 59

3.5 Modifying metals 63

3.6 Metallic nanomaterials 67

3.7 Review 70

4 Ionic compounds 78

4.1 Overview 78

4.2 Structure and properties of ionic substances 79

4.3 Ionic nomenclature 90

4.4 Crystal formation and uses of ionic compounds 96

4.5 Review 99

5 Quantifying atoms and compounds 106

5.1 Overview 106

5.2 Relative isotopic mass and the carbon-12 scale 107

5.3 The mole 113

5.4 Determination of the empirical formula 119

5.5 Review 122

Area of Study 1 Review

Practice examination 129

Practice school-assessed coursework 135

Area of Study 2 How Can the Versatility of Non-Metals Be Explained?

6 Materials from molecules 137

6.1 Overview 137

6.2 Representing molecules 138

6.3 Predicting molecular shape 147

6.4 Explaining the properties of molecular substances 156

6.5 The relative strengths of bond types in molecular substances 161

6.6 Review 166

7 Carbon lattices and carbon nanomaterials 173

7.1 Overview 173

7.2 Covalent lattice bonding 174

7.3 Carbon nanomaterials 180

7.4 A review of bonding 184

7.5 Review 190

8 Organic compounds 197

8.1 Overview 197

8.2 Grouping hydrocarbons into families 198

8.3 Functional groups 214

8.4 The origin and use of crude oil 225

8.5 Determining the empirical and molecular formulas of organic compounds 228

8.6 Review 234

9 Polymers 244

9.1 Overview 244

9.2 Formation of polymers 245

9.3 Linear and cross-linked polymers 250

9.4 Polymer selection 256

9.5 Review 265

Area of Study 2 Review

Practice examination 273

Practice school-assessed coursework 280

Area of Study 3 Research Investigation

10 Research investigation 282

10.1 Overview 282

10.2 What is a research investigation? 283

10.3 Effective science communication 288

10.4 The nature of evidence and information 292

10.5 Review 297

Unit 2 What Makes Water Such a Unique Chemical? 299

Area of Study 1 How Do Substances Interact With Water?

11 Properties of water 301

11.1 Overview 301

11.2 Intermolecular forces in water 302

11.3 Latent heat and specific heat capacity 308

11.4 Review 313

12 Water as a solvent 318

12.1 Overview 318

12.2 Solution processes 319

12.3 Precipitation reactions 326

12.4 Solvent properties of water in biological, domestic or industrial concepts 332

12.5 Review 333

13 Acid–base reactions in water 340

13.1 Overview 340

13.2 Acids and bases 341

13.3 Brønsted–Lowry theory of acids and bases 344

13.4 Concentrating on acids and bases 349

13.5 pH and acidity 353

13.6 Reactions of acids 364

13.7 Acids and the environment 371

13.8 Review 373

14 Redox reactions in water 382

14.1 Overview 382

14.2 Redox reactions and agents 383

14.3 Oxidation numbers 392

14.4 Reactivity series of metals 397

14.5 Corrosion 401

14.6 Review 407

Area of Study 1 Review

Practice examination 415

Practice school-assessed coursework 420

Area of Study 2 How are Substances In Water Measured and Analysed?

15 Water sample analysis 421

15.1 Overview 421

15.2 The states of water and sampling protocols 422

15.3 Chemical contaminants 428

15.4 Review 433

16 Measurement of solubility and concentration 437

16.1 Overview 437

16.2 Measuring solubility and the use of solubility curves 438

16.3 Solution concentration 449

16.4 Review 461

17 Analysis for salts in water 467

17.1 Overview 467

17.2 Chemical analysis 468

17.3 The sources of salts in water 470

17.4 Analytical methods 473

17.5 Desalination 493

17.6 Review 496

18 Analysis for organic compounds in water 505

18.1 Overview 505

18.2 Organic compounds in the environment 506

18.3 High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) 510

18.4 Review 516

19 Analysis for acids and bases in water 522

19.1 Overview 522

19.2 Sources of acids and bases in water 523

19.3 Solution stoichiometry (volume–volume stoichiometry) 527

19.4 Acid–base titrations 531

19.5 Review 544

Area of Study 2 Review

Practice examination 549

Practice school-assessed coursework 557

Area of Study 3 Practical Investigation

20 Practical investigation 558

20.1 Overview 558

20.2 Key science skills in Chemistry 559

20.3 Concepts specific to an investigation 569

20.4 Scientific research methodologies and techniques 574

20.5 Ethics, health and safety guidelines 586

20.6 Methods of organising, analysing and evaluating primary data 589

20.7 Models and theories to understand observed phenomena 602

20.8 Nature of evidence and key findings of investigations 605

20.9 Options and issues related to water quality 607

20.10 Conventions of scientific report writing and scientific poster presentation 609

20.11 Review 620

Answers 630

Glossary 686

Index 696

Periodic table of the elements 706