Jacaranda Humanities Alive 10 Victorian Curriculum 2E LearnON and Print Image

Jacaranda Humanities Alive 10 Victorian Curriculum 2E LearnON and Print

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Jacaranda Humanities Alive 10 Victorian Curriculum, 2nd Edition learnON & Print
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the Victorian Curriculum for Humanities. The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the powerful digital learning platform making learning personalised and visible for both students and teachers.

The latest editions of Jacaranda Humanities Alive Victorian Curriculum series include these key features:

  • Choice – four titles in one, or single-subject titles
  • teachON – video lessons by Victoria’s best teachers, teaching advice and lesson plans
  • learnON – our most powerful digital learning platform
    • An immersive digital platform in which students and teachers are connected
    • Rich media to engage and inspire
    • Immediate, corrective feedback for students and an in-built testmaker for teachers to create assignments from a large pool of questions for immediate, spaced and mixed practice.
    • Results reported against skills and content allow unmatched visibility of students’ progress.
  • Thinking Big research projects – creative, imaginative, collaborative activities
  • SkillBuilders – Tell me, Show me, Let me do it!

For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs.

How to use the Jacaranda Humanities Alive resource suite xii

Acknowledgements xv

History 1

1 Historical skills and concepts 3

1.1 Overview 3

1.2 Why we study history 4

1.3 Historical skills 6

1.4 Perspectives and empathy 14

1.5 SkillBuilder: Sequencing events in chronological order

1.6 Review

2 Causes of World War II 18

2.1 Overview 18

2.2 Examining the evidence 20

2.3 The peace treaties and the League of Nations 22

2.4 The ‘Roaring Twenties’ 27

2.5 The Great Depression 31

2.6 Communism — dream or nightmare? 37

2.7 The rise of fascism 39

2.8 The Nazis take power in Germany 43

2.9 Japanese militarism 47

2.10 The road to war in Europe 51

2.11 SkillBuilder: Analysing cause and effect with graphic organisers

2.12 Thinking Big research project: TV Quizmaster

2.13 Review

3 The course and consequences of World War II 58

3.1 Overview 58

3.2 Examining the evidence 60

3.3 Overview of World War II to 1944 62

3.4 Australians at war: enlistment and the Mediterranean battles 68

3.5 Australia under threat 72

3.6 Australians in the Pacific War: Kokoda 76

3.7 Australians in the Pacific War: beyond Kokoda 79

3.8 Australian prisoners of war 81

3.9 The Australian home front 85

3.10 Australian women at war 89

3.11 Australia’s relations with the US 94

3.12 The end of the war 97

3.13 War crimes and retribution 100

3.14 Changing international relations 106

3.15 Commemoration and contested debates 109

3.16 SkillBuilder: Analysing political cartoons and propaganda posters

3.17 Thinking Big research project: Honouring Indigenous Australians’ service

3.18 Review

4 Rights and freedoms (1945–present) 115

4.1 Overview 115

4.2 Examining the evidence 117

4.3 The beginnings of an Aboriginal protest movement 119

4.4 The Stolen Generations 123

4.5 Influence on Australia of civil rights movements abroad 126

4.6 The Freedom Ride in Australia 131

4.7 Being counted 134

4.8 Torres Strait Islander rights and freedoms 138

4.9 The Aboriginal Tent Embassy 142

4.10 Land rights and protests 145

4.11 Reconciliation 152

4.12 Fighting for equity 157

4.13 The struggle continues 163

4.14 SkillBuilder: Historical debate

4.15 Thinking Big research project: Needed: Social media guru!

4.16 Review

5 Popular culture (1945–present) 171

5.1 Overview 171

5.2 Examining the evidence 173

5.3 Post-war Australia — the 1950s 175

5.4 Sport and society 180

5.5 The rock’n’roll revolution 186

5.6 Global political and social influences on popular culture 191

5.7 The evolution of television as a cultural influence 194

5.8 The Australian film industry: post-war to today 199

5.9 Continuity and change in beliefs and values 206

5.10 SkillBuilder: Conducting a historical inquiry

5.11 Thinking Big research project: Pop culture time capsule

5.12 Review

6 The environment movement 213

6.1 Overview 213

6.2 Examining the evidence 215

6.3 The national park movement 217

6.4 Growing impacts on the environment 221

6.5 The contemporary environment movement 226

6.6 Defending the environment 232

6.7 The Atomic Age 237

6.8 Global environmental issues: responses 243

6.9 Australia’s environmental future 248

6.10 SkillBuilder: Conducting a historical inquiry

6.11 Thinking Big research project: Climate change action — the view from 2120

6.12 Review

7 Migration experiences 257

7.1 Overview 257

7.2 Examining the evidence 259

7.3 Waves of migration 261

7.4 Changing immigration policy 266

7.5 New Australians 270

7.6 Immigration from Asia 275

7.7 Australia’s evolving immigration policy 279

7.8 Seeking asylum in Australia 284

7.9 The migrant contribution 290

7.10 SkillBuilder: Conducting a historical inquiry

7.11 Thinking Big research project: Migration story collector

7.12 Review

8 Political crisis 296

8.1 Overview 296

8.2 Examining the evidence 298

8.3 The Cold War in Asia 300

8.4 Anti-communism in Australia and the US 307

8.5 The Petrov affair 312

8.6 The aftermath of the Petrov affair 316

8.7 War in Vietnam 321

8.8 Vietnam and Australian politics 328

8.9 ‘It’s time’ — the Whitlam victory in 1972 337

8.10 The Whitlam dismissal, 1975 342

8.11 The Whitlam legacy 349

8.12 SkillBuilder: Interpreting historians’ perspectives

8.13 Thinking Big research project: Timeline of communism in China

8.14 Review

Geography 357

9 Geographical skills and concepts 359

9.1 Overview 359

9.2 Work and careers in Geography 360

9.3 Concepts and skills used in Geography 364

9.4 Review

Unit 1 Environmental Change and Management 372

10 Introducing environmental change and management 373

10.1 Overview 373

10.2 Interacting with the environment 374

10.3 SkillBuilder: Evaluating alternative responses

10.4 Is climate change heating the Earth? 380

10.5 Tackling climate change 383

10.6 Is Australia’s climate changing? 390

10.7 SkillBuilder: Drawing a futures wheel

10.8 Thinking Big research project: Wacky weather presentation

10.9 Review

11 Land environments under threat 397

11.1 Overview 397

11.2 The causes and impacts of land degradation 398

11.3 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a complex block diagram

11.4 Managing land degradation 406

11.5 Environmental change and salinity 412

11.6 Desertification: the drylands are spreading 419

11.7 Introduced species and land degradation 426

11.8 Native species and environmental change 432

11.9 Indigenous communities and sustainable land management 436

11.10 SkillBuilder: Writing a fieldwork report as an annotated visual display (AVD)

11.11 Thinking Big research project: Invasive species Wanted! poster

11.12 Review

12 Inland water — dammed, diverted and drained 443

12.1 Overview 443

12.2 Wet and wonderful — inland water 444

12.3 Damming rivers — the pros and cons 447

12.4 Alternatives to damming 453

12.5 SkillBuilder: Creating a fishbone diagram

12.6 Using our groundwater reserves 457

12.7 The impacts of drainage and diversion 464

12.8 SkillBuilder: Reading topographic maps at an advanced level

12.9 Putting water back — managing the Murray–Darling 470

12.10 Thinking Big research project: Menindee Lakes murder! news report

12.11 Review

13 Managing change in coastal environments 475

13.1 Overview 475

13.2 Understanding coastal landscapes 476

13.3 Challenges to coastal management 484

13.4 How do we manage coastal change? 494

13.5 SkillBuilder: Comparing aerial photographs to investigate spatial change over time

13.6 SkillBuilder: Comparing an aerial photograph and a topographic map

13.7 Thinking Big research project: Ecology action newsletter — Reef rescue

13.8 Review

14 Marine environments — are we trashing our oceans? 505

14.1 Overview 505

14.2 Motion in the ocean 506

14.3 Travelling trash — marine pollution and debris 508

14.4 Cleaning up our mess 516

14.5 SkillBuilder: Using geographic information systems (GIS)

14.6 Oil and water — a toxic mix 523

14.7 SkillBuilder: Describing change over time

14.8 Thinking Big research project: ‘Plastic not-so-fantastic’ media campaign

14.9 Review

15 Sustaining urban environments 534

15.1 Overview 534

15.2 Cities’ impact on the environment 535

15.3 The development of urban environments 537

15.4 Case studies in urban growth: Melbourne and Mumbai 541

15.5 SkillBuilder: Constructing a land use map

15.6 SkillBuilder: Building a map with geographic information systems (GIS)

15.7 Factors in urban decline 550

15.8 Future challenges for sustainable urban environments 554

15.9 Thinking Big research project: Slum improvement proposal

15.10 Review

Geographical inquiry: Developing an environmental management plan

Unit 2 Geographies of Human Wellbeing 560

16 Measuring and improving wellbeing 561

16.1 Overview 561

16.2 Understanding and measuring wellbeing 562

16.3 SkillBuilder: Constructing and interpreting a scattergraph

16.4 Wealth and wellbeing 568

16.5 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a cartogram

16.6 Improving wellbeing 571

16.7 The way forward 574

16.8 The importance of human rights 580

16.9 Thinking Big research project: SDG progress infographic

16.10 Review

17 Global variations in human wellbeing 587

17.1 Overview 587

17.2 Global population distribution 588

17.3 Life expectancy and wellbeing 591

17.4 The link between population growth and wellbeing 596

17.5 Government responses to population and wellbeing issues 599

17.6 SkillBuilder: Using Excel to construct population profiles

17.7 Variations in wellbeing in India 602

17.8 Population characteristics of Australia 605

17.9 SkillBuilder: How to develop a structured and ethical approach to research

17.10 Health and wellbeing 609

17.11 Thinking Big research project: UN report — Global wellbeing comparison

17.12 Review

18 Factors affecting human wellbeing 616

18.1 Overview 616

18.2 Gender as a factor in wellbeing 617

18.3 Poverty as a factor in wellbeing 622

18.4 Rural–urban wellbeing variation in Australia 628

18.5 Indigenous wellbeing in Australia 635

18.6 SkillBuilder: Understanding policies and strategies

18.7 SkillBuilder: Using multiple data formats

18.8 Thinking Big research project: Improving wellbeing in a low-HDI ranked country

18.9 Review

19 The impact of conflict on human wellbeing 643

19.1 Overview 643

19.2 Conflict across the world 644

19.3 Land conflict and human wellbeing 647

19.4 Minerals, wealth and wellbeing 650

19.5 Fleeing conflict 654

19.6 CASE STUDY: Syria — the impact of conflict on wellbeing 657

19.7 Seeking refuge 662

19.8 Providing assistance for global human wellbeing 666

19.9 SkillBuilder: Debating like a geographer

19.10 SkillBuilder: Writing a geographical essay

19.11 Thinking Big research project: The displaced Rohingya children

19.12 Review

Fieldwork inquiry: Comparing wellbeing in the local area

Civics and Citizenship 673

20 Regional government and global citizenship 675

20.1 Overview 675

20.2 Key features of Australia’s system of government 676

20.3 Key features of Japan’s system of government 681

20.4 Key features of India’s system of government 685

20.5 Key features of Indonesia’s system of government 688

20.6 Foreign aid from governments and NGOs 692

20.7 Australia and the UN 696

20.8 Keeping the peace 698

20.9 SkillBuilder: Conducting an interview

20.10 Thinking Big research project: Humanitarian aid proposal

20.11 Review

21 Maintaining justice for a cohesive society 703

21.1 Overview 703

21.2 Living in a cohesive society 704

21.3 Threats to social cohesion 706

21.4 Protecting social cohesiveness 709

21.5 SkillBuilder: Using and referencing quotes

21.6 Resolving conflict 712

21.7 Resolving disputes between state and federal governments 715

21.8 Interpreting the Constitution 720

21.9 International law 723

21.10 Applying international treaties 726

21.11 SkillBuilder: A treaty in the classroom

21.12 International law and Indigenous Australians 733

21.13 SkillBuilder: You be the judge

21.14 Thinking Big research project: Create a bill of rights

21.15 Review

Economics and Business 739

22 Economic performance and living standards 741

22.1 Overview 741

22.2 Economic growth and Australia’s economy 742

22.3 Employment trends and Australia’s economy 746

22.4 Inflation rates and Australia’s economy 752

22.5 Sustainability indices and Australia’s economy 756

22.6 Other indicators of economic performance and Australia’s economy 758

22.7 SkillBuilder: Calculating inflation

22.8 Living standards related to economic performance 762

22.9 Measuring living standards 766

22.10 Macroeconomic policy options 768

22.11 Microeconomic policy options 774

22.12 Direct government intervention in the market 780

22.13 SkillBuilder: Preparing a budget

22.14 Thinking Big research project: How does Australia measure up?

22.15 Review

23 Influencing consumers: innovation and competition in the marketplace 786

23.1 Overview 786

23.2 Business influences on consumer decisions 787

23.3 Consumer choice, attitude and preference 790

23.4 Making major purchases 793

23.5 SkillBuilder: Choosing a mobile phone plan

23.6 Innovation 798

23.7 Emerging techniques 801

23.8 Pursuing competitive advantage 805

23.9 Strategies to create competitive advantage 809

23.10 Corporate social responsibility and competitive advantage 815

23.11 SkillBuilder: Analysing a business case study

23.12 Thinking Big research project: Hitting the target — multimedia advertising campaign

23.13 Review

24 The changing work environment in Australia 823

24.1 Overview 823

24.2 Influences on the way we work 824

24.3 Occupations and skills 832

24.4 Trends and changes to the workforce 838

24.5 Employment in the future 845

24.6 SkillBuilder: Predicting the outcomes of economic and business decisions

24.7 Thinking Big research project: How will I work? presentation

24.8 Review

Glossary 853

Index 867