Jacaranda Humanities Alive 9 Victorian Curriculum  2E LearnON and Print Image

Jacaranda Humanities Alive 9 Victorian Curriculum 2E LearnON and Print

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Jacaranda Humanities Alive 9 Victorian Curriculum, 2nd Edition learnON & Print
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the Victorian Curriculum for Humanities. The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the powerful digital learning platform making learning personalised and visible for both students and teachers.

The latest editions of Jacaranda Humanities Alive Victorian Curriculum series include these key features:

  • Choice – four titles in one, or single-subject titles
  • teachON – video lessons by Victoria’s best teachers, teaching advice and lesson plans
  • learnON – our most powerful digital learning platform
    • An immersive digital platform in which students and teachers are connected
    • Rich media to engage and inspire
    • Immediate, corrective feedback for students and an in-built testmaker for teachers to create assignments from a large pool of questions for immediate, spaced and mixed practice.
    • Results reported against skills and content allow unmatched visibility of students’ progress.
  • Thinking Big research projects – creative, imaginative, collaborative activities
  • SkillBuilders – Tell me, Show me, Let me do it!

For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs.

How to use the Jacaranda Humanities Alive resource suite x

Acknowledgements xiii

History 1

1 Historical skills and concepts 3

1.1 Overview 3

1.2 Why we study history 4

1.3 Historical skills 6

1.4 Perspectives and empathy 14

1.5 SkillBuilder: Sequencing events in chronological order

1.6 Review

2 The Industrial Revolution: Technology and progress 19

2.1 Overview 19

2.2 Examining the evidence 21

2.3 Causes of the Industrial Revolution 23

2.4 The agricultural revolution 26

2.5 The growth of empire 31

2.6 Entrepreneurs, banks and the middle class 35

2.7 The population explosion 38

2.8 Power: from horses, wind and water to steam 41

2.9 Making textiles: from home to factory 45

2.10 Coal and iron 49

2.11 Canals, roads, railways and shipping 51

2.12 Industrial innovation spreads to the world 57

2.13 SkillBuilder: Identifying continuity and change

2.14 Thinking Big research project: Promoting industrialisation

2.15 Review

3 The Industrial Revolution: The impact on people 62

3.1 Overview 62

3.2 Examining the evidence 64

3.3 The impact of enclosure 66

3.4 Conditions in factories and mines 71

3.5 Child labour 75

3.6 Urban conditions and people’s health 78

3.7 Poor laws and workhouses 81

3.8 Social unrest and trade unions 83

3.9 The growth in ideas 87

3.10 Reformers and progress 93

3.11 SkillBuilder: Analysing different perspectives

3.12 Thinking Big research project: City life visual diary

3.13 Review

4 Movement of peoples (1750–1914) 98

4.1 Overview 98

4.2 Examining the evidence 100

4.3 Overview of slavery 102

4.4 Slavery and the cotton trade 108

4.5 The end of slavery? 111

4.6 Crime and punishment 113

4.7 Transportation to Australia 116

4.8 Convict life 120

4.9 Emigration to Australia 124

4.10 Migration to the goldfields 128

4.11 SkillBuilder: Analysing cause and effect

4.12 Thinking Big research project: A migrant’s letter home

4.13 Review

5 Australia (1750–1918): Colonisation and conflict 135

5.1 Overview 135

5.2 Examining the evidence 137

5.3 Two civilisations meet 141

5.4 Resistance 148

5.5 Tragedy in Van Diemen’s Land 152

5.6 1835: Conquest — the great land rush to Port Phillip 155

5.7 Violence on the frontier 160

5.8 Reserves, missions and responses 165

5.9 A long, forgotten war 174

5.10 The Torres Strait Islanders 179

5.11 A celestial presence: the Chinese in Australia 181

5.12 SkillBuilder: Determining historical significance

5.13 The ideal of ‘White Australia’ 186

5.14 Thinking Big research project: Colonisation and conflict exhibition

5.15 Review

6 Australia (1750–1918): From colonies to nationhood 193

6.1 Overview 193

6.2 Examining the evidence 195

6.3 Towards democracy: Eureka and political rights 197

6.4 Whose Australia? Free selectors vs squatters 205

6.5 An Australian legend 207

6.6 Marvellous Melbourne: a city giant 211

6.7 Working in cities and towns 215

6.8 Trade unions and political parties 218

6.9 Nationalism and Australian identity 222

6.10 SkillBuilder: Analysing cartoons

6.11 Voting rights for women 226

6.12 Federation 231

6.13 The early Commonwealth 238

6.14 Thinking Big research project: The Federation Game

6.15 Review

7 China (1750–1918) 245

7.1 Overview 245

7.2 Examining the evidence 247

7.3 Qing China 249

7.4 Living under the emperor 252

7.5 Arrival of the foreigners 255

7.6 Expansion, trade, conflict 257

7.7 Economic and social effects 262

7.8 Resistance in China 268

7.9 Continuity and change 273

7.10 SkillBuilder: Analysing cause and effect

7.11 Thinking Big research project: Key events visual summary

7.12 Review

8 World War I (1914–1918) 278

8.1 Overview 278

8.2 Examining the evidence 280

8.3 What caused the Great War? 283

8.4 The world at war 289

8.5 Australians in the Great War 292

8.6 Gallipoli 295

8.7 Gallipoli: the historical debate 301

8.8 Trench warfare 303

8.9 The Western Front 305

8.10 The home front 308

8.11 The conscription issue 314

8.12 The Eastern Front: collapse and revolution 317

8.13 Peace and commemoration 321

8.14 The war’s impact on Australia’s international relations 326

8.15 SkillBuilder: Analysing photos

8.16 Thinking Big research project: Western Front battlefields guide

8.17 Review

Geography 333

9 Geographical skills and concepts 335

9.1 Overview 335

9.2 Work and careers in Geography 336

9.3 Concepts and skills used in Geography 338

9.4 Review

Unit 1 Biomes and Food Security 345

10 All the world is a biome 346

10.1 Overview346

10.2 Defining biomes 347

10.3 SkillBuilder: Describing spatial relationships in thematic maps

10.4 The characteristics of biomes 350

10.5 Australia’s major biomes 355

10.6 The grassland biome 357

10.7 Coastal wetlands 361

10.8 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing a transect on a topographic map

10.9 Coral reefs 364

10.10 Managing and protecting biomes 368

10.11 Thinking Big research project: Our world of biomes AVD

10.12 Review

11 Feeding the world 373

11.1 Overview 373

11.2 What does the world eat? 374

11.3 How can we feed the world? 376

11.4 Modifying biomes for agriculture 381

11.5 Food production in Australia 384

11.6 SkillBuilder: Describing patterns and correlations on a topographic map

11.7 Indigenous Australians’ food security over time 391

11.8 Rice — an important food crop 399

11.9 Cacao — a vital cash crop 405

11.10 SkillBuilder: Constructing ternary graphs

11.11 Thinking Big research project: Subsistence living gap-year diary

11.12 Review

12 The impacts of global food production 411

12.1 Overview 411

12.2 Food production’s effect on biomes 412

12.3 Changing our forest biome 415

12.4 SkillBuilder: GIS — deconstructing a map

12.5 Paper profits, global losses? 419

12.6 Depleting our bountiful ocean biome 424

12.7 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a geographical cartoon

12.8 Losing the land 428

12.9 The effects of farmland irrigation 431

12.10 Diminishing global biodiversity 437

12.11 Does farming cause global warming? 441

12.12 Thinking Big research project: Fished out! PowerPoint

12.13 Review

13 Challenges to food security 447

13.1 Overview 447

13.2 Global food security 448

13.3 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing complex choropleth maps

13.4 Impacts of land loss on food security 452

13.5 SkillBuilder: Interpreting satellite images to show change over time

13.6 Water — a vital part of the picture 457

13.7 Climate change challenges for food security 460

13.8 Managing food wastage 464

13.9 Thinking Big research project: Famine crisis report

13.10 Review

14 Meeting our future global food needs 470

14.1 Overview 470

14.2 Can we feed the future world population? 471

14.3 Improving food production 474

14.4 Global food aid 477

14.5 SkillBuilder: Constructing a box scattergram

14.6 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing proportional circles on maps

14.7 Do Australians need food aid? 482

14.8 The effects of dietary changes on food supply 485

14.9 Urban farms to feed urban populations 489

14.10 Thinking Big research project: Community garden design

14.11 Review

Geographical inquiry: Biomes and food security

Unit 2 Geographies of Interconnection 494

15 Connecting with our places 495

15.1 Overview 495

15.2 ‘Seeing’ places 496

15.3 SkillBuilder: Interpreting topological maps

15.4 The meaning of ‘land’ 498

15.5 Changing places 502

15.6 Modes of accessing places 504

15.7 Walking to connect 510

15.8 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing isoline maps

15.9 Providing access to places for everyone 515

15.10 Connecting with the world 518

15.11 Thinking Big research project: Fieldwork — moving around our spaces

15.12 Review

16 Tourists on the move 523

16.1 Overview 523

16.2 The importance of tourism 524

16.3 Global tourism 528

16.4 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing a doughnut chart

16.5 Australian tourism 533

16.6 SkillBuilder: Creating a survey

16.7 SkillBuilder: Describing divergence graphs

16.8 The impacts of tourism 538

16.9 Managing environmental impacts — eco-friendly tourism 540

16.10 Cultural tourism 546

16.11 Tourism and sport 551

16.12 Thinking Big research project: Design a 7-day cruise adventure

16.13 Review

17 Trade — a driving force for interconnection 556

17.1 Overview 556

17.2 How does trade connect us? 557

17.3 Australia’s global trade 559

17.4 Food trade around the world 563

17.5 SkillBuilder: Constructing multiple line and cumulative line graphs

17.6 Impacts of globalisation 568

17.7 Making trade fair 571

17.8 Global connections through Australian Aid 573

17.9 The troubling illegal wildlife trade 576

17.10 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing a flow map

17.11 Thinking Big research project: World Trade Fair infographic

17.12 Review

18 Global ICT — connections, disparity and impacts 583

18.1 Overview 583

18.2 Information and communications technology 584

18.3 The internet connects us 585

18.4 Connected Australians 589

18.5 Improving lives via digital connection — Kenya 591

18.6 Forging new ICT directions — India 594

18.7 The impact of ICT production 597

18.8 The future for e-waste 601

18.9 SkillBuilder: Constructing a table of data for a GIS

18.10 SkillBuilder: Using advanced survey techniques — interviews

18.11 Thinking Big research project: Trash or treasure?

18.12 Review

Fieldwork inquiry: What are the effects of travel in the local community?

Civics and Citizenship 607

19 Choosing a government 609

19.1 Overview 609

19.2 Australia’s political parties 610

19.3 Voting and the federal electoral process 615

19.4 Influencing your vote 623

19.5 After the election — the formation of government 629

19.6 The role of the prime minister and Cabinet 636

19.7 SkillBuilder: Creating and analysing a table

19.8 Thinking Big research project: Founding a political party

19.9 Review

20 Australia’s justice system and the courts 642

20.1 Overview 642

20.2 The court hierarchy 643

20.3 The roles of particular courts 648

20.4 Different courts, different jurisdictions 652

20.5 How the courts make laws 657

20.6 SkillBuilder: Problem solving and decision making

20.7 Equality before the law 663

20.8 The independence of our courts 666

20.9 The right of appeal 669

20.10 When the system fails 672

20.11 SkillBuilder: Creating and analysing a survey

20.12 Thinking Big research project: Protecting human rights

20.13 Review

21 Identity, the media and global connectedness 680

21.1 Overview 680

21.2 Australian democracy and global connections 681

21.3 Shaping Australian identity 684

21.4 Attitudes to diversity 689

21.5 Participating in civic life 691

21.6 SkillBuilder: Debating an issue

21.7 Thinking Big research project: Don’t stereotype me!

21.8 Review

Economics and Business 697

22 The Australian and global economies 699

22.1 Overview 699

22.2 Participants in the Australian economy 700

22.3 Objectives of the Australian economy 706

22.4 Indicators of economic performance 710

22.5 Trade with other economies 715

22.6 Imports and the Australian economy 718

22.7 Global events and the Australian economy 723

22.8 SkillBuilder: Questioning and research

22.9 Globalisation and the international economy 727

22.10 Global supply chains 732

22.11 Transnational corporations 735

22.12 SkillBuilder: Developing graphs from tables

22.13 Thinking Big research project: An international menu

22.14 Review

23 Managing financial risk 742

23.1 Overview 742

23.2 Banks and other deposit-taking institutions 743

23.3 Different types of investment 746

23.4 Protection from financial risk 749

23.5 Managing debt 754

23.6 SkillBuilder: Reading a sharemarket chart

23.7 Thinking Big research project: Share investment — a risky business?

23.8 Review

24 Being enterprising 759

24.1 Overview 759

24.2 Entrepreneurial behaviours 760

24.3 Famous entrepreneurs 766

24.4 Encouraging entrepreneurial behaviours within businesses 769

24.5 SkillBuilder: Creating a mind map

24.6 Thinking Big research project: The next big thing!

24.7 Review

25 Participants in the changing work environment 776

25.1 Overview 776

25.2 Australian workplace participants 777

25.3 Changing roles of employees 781

25.4 Employer responsibilities 784

25.5 Government responsibilities 787

25.6 SkillBuilder: Preparing a résumé

25.7 Thinking Big research project: Workplace evolution presentation

25.8 Review

Glossary 792

Index 803