Jacaranda Humanities and Social Sciences 10 for Western Australia LearnON & Print Image

Jacaranda Humanities and Social Sciences 10 for Western Australia LearnON & Print

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ISBN:9780730349310
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Jacaranda Humanities and Social Sciences 10 for WA learnON & Print
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the Western Australian curriculum for Humanities and Social Sciences. 

The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the immersive digital learning platform that replaces eBookPLUS in 2018. With learnON, students enjoy:

  • media, such as videos and interactivities, directly embedded within the reading content (no more opening in a separate browser tab!)
  • the ability to personalise their digital tile through notes, highlighting and favourites
  • interactive questions for every topic, with feedback for every question
  • a dashboard showing individual progress and results


For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs—no separate eGuide purchase is required.

To complement the Humanities and Social Science series for the Geography section Jacaranda Atlas 9e and MyWorld Atlas (digital), and for the History section Jacaranda World History Atlas and MyWorld History Atlas (digital) is available for Years 7-10.


Overview x

Acknowledgements xii

Unit 1 Justice at Home and Overseas 1

1 Government in our region 3

1.1 Overview 3

1.2 Key features of Australia’s system of government 5

1.3 Key features of Japan’s system of government 10

1.4 Key features of India’s system of government 13

1.5 Key features of Indonesia’s system of government 16

1.6 SkillBuilder: Conducting an interview 20

1.7 Review 21

2 Australia in the world 24

2.1 Overview 24

2.2 Foreign aid from governments and NGOs 25

2.3 Australia and the UN 29

2.4 Keeping the peace 31

2.5 SkillBuilder: Civic action in the classroom 34

2.6 Review 35

3 Australia’s High Court 38

3.1 Overview 38

3.2 Resolving disputes between governments — state and federal 39

3.3 Interpreting the Constitution 43

3.4 Applying international treaties 46

3.5 SkillBuilder: You be the judge 48

3.6 Review 49

4 International law and us 51

4.1 Overview 51

4.2 What is international law? 53

4.3 Key treaties affecting Australia 57

4.4 International law and Indigenous Australians 60

4.5 SkillBuilder: A treaty in the classroom 64

4.6 Review 64

5 Sustaining a cohesive society 66

5.1 Overview 66

5.2 Living in a cohesive society 67

5.3 Threats to social cohesion 69

5.4 Protecting social cohesiveness 73

5.5 Resolving conflict 75

5.6 SkillBuilder: Using and referencing quotes 78

5.7 Review 79

Unit 2 Economic Performance and Living Standards 81

6 Economic performance 83

6.1 Overview 83

6.2 Economic growth and Australia’s economy 84

6.3 Employment trends and Australia’s economy 89

6.4 Inflation rates and Australia’s economy 97

6.5 Sustainability indices and Australia’s economy 101

6.6 Other indicators of economic performance and Australia’s economy 103

6.7 SkillBuilder: Calculating inflation 108

6.8 Review 109

7 Economic performance and living standards 110

7.1 Overview 110

7.2 Living standards related to economic performance 112

7.3 Measuring living standards 115

7.4 Macroeconomic policy options 119

7.5 Microeconomic policy options 125

7.6 Direct government intervention in the market 131

7.7 Supporting growth in the Asia–Pacific region 133

7.8 SkillBuilder: Preparing a budget 135

7.9 Review 136

8 Influencing consumers 137

8.1 Overview 137

8.2 Business influences on consumer decisions 138

8.3 Consumer choice, attitude and preference 142

8.4 Making major purchases 144

8.5 SkillBuilder: Choosing a mobile phone plan 147

8.6 Review 149

9 Improving business productivity 150

9.1 Overview 150

9.2 Managing operations and improving productivity 151

9.3 Improving productivity through human resource management 156

9.4 Ethics, social responsibility and the triple bottom line 159

9.5 Responding to variations in economic conditions 162

9.6 SkillBuilder: Analysing a business 165

9.7 Review 167

Unit 3 Environmental Change and Management 169

10 The world of geography 171

10.1 Overview 171

10.2 Geographical concepts 175

10.3 Review

11 Environmental change and management 184

11.1 Overview 184

11.2 SkillBuilder: Evaluating alternative responses

11.3 How do people interact with the environment? 186

11.4 Is climate change heating the Earth? 191

11.5 Can we slow climate change? 194

11.6 How can we reduce the impacts of climate change? 197

11.7 Is Australia’s climate changing? 201

11.8 SkillBuilder: Drawing a futures wheel

11.9 Review

12 Land change and management 206

12.1 Overview 206

12.2 Why does the land degrade? 207

12.3 What is land degradation? 210

12.4 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a complex block diagram

12.5 Where has the soil gone? 215

12.6 Why are drylands drying up?

12.7 How do we manage land degradation?

12.8 Who are the invaders? 219

12.9 How can we control invasive species? 222

12.10 Can native species create environmental change? 225

12.11 Would you like salt with that? 228

12.12 How do we deal with salinity?

12.13 SkillBuilder: Writing a fieldwork report as an annotated visual display (AVD)

12.14 How do Indigenous communities manage the land? 232

12.15 Review

13 Inland water change and management 236

13.1 Overview 236

13.2 What is inland water? 237

13.3 Dam it? 240

13.4 Do we have to dam? 242

13.5 SkillBuilder: Creating a fishbone diagram

13.6 Is fighting worth a dam?

13.7 What happens when we divert water? 247

13.8 Why is groundwater shrinking? 250

13.9 Why is China drying up?

13.10 Why do we drain wetlands? 252

13.11 SkillBuilder: Reading topographic maps at an advanced level

13.12 How can we put water back?

13.13 Review

14 Coastal change and management 256

14.1 Overview 256

14.2 Why must we preserve the coast? 257

14.3 How are coasts built up and worn away?

14.4 SkillBuilder: Comparing aerial photographs to investigate spatial change over time

14.5 How do coastal areas change? 261

14.6 SkillBuilder: Comparing an aerial photograph and a topographic map

14.7 Why are low-lying islands disappearing? 265

14.8 How do inland activities affect coasts? 269

14.9 Who shifted the sand?

14.10 How do we manage coastal change? 272

14.11 Review

15 Marine change and management 276

15.1 Overview 276

15.2 Why is there motion in the ocean? 277

15.3 Where does trash travel? 280

15.4 How can we best clean up ocean debris? 285

15.5 Where else is marine debris a problem? 288

15.6 SkillBuilder: Using geographic information systems (GIS)

15.7 Where does oil in the sea come from? 292

15.8 SkillBuilder: Describing change over time

15.9 What is the solution to marine pollution? 295

15.10 The world’s worst oil spill?

15.11 Review

16 Urban change and management 299

16.1 Overview 299

16.2 How do urban environments develop? 300

16.3 How do cities change the environment? 303

16.4 Why do urban areas decline? 305

16.5 What are the challenges for fast-growing cities? 308

16.6 Has Melbourne sprawled too far? 310

16.7 SkillBuilder: Constructing a land use map

16.8 SkillBuilder: Building a map with geographic information systems (GIS)

16.9 Can we stop Venice from sinking? 316

16.10 What is the future of our urban environment? 319

16.11 Review

17 Geographical inquiry: Developing an environmental management plan 323

17.1 Overview 323

17.2 Process 324

17.3 Review 325

Unit 4 Geographies of Human Wellbeing 327

18 What makes a good life? 329

18.1 Overview 329

18.2 Better off, worse off? 330

18.3 SkillBuilder: Constructing and interpreting a scattergraph

18.4 How do we measure wellbeing? 333

18.5 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a cartogram

18.6 Does wealth equal wellbeing? 337

18.7 How can we improve wellbeing? 339

18.8 Are we on track? 342

18.9 Can we help the bottom billion?

18.10 What are human rights? 346

18.11 Who are the unprotected? 348

18.12 Review

19 Human wellbeing and change 352

19.1 Overview 352

19.2 Where is everybody? 353

19.3 Who lives longest? 356

19.4 How do hatches and dispatches vary? 358

19.5 What is the link between population and wellbeing? 361

19.6 How have governments responded to population and wellbeing issues? 363

19.7 SkillBuilder: Using Excel to construct population profiles

19.8 How does wellbeing vary in India? 367

19.9 What are Australia’s population characteristics? 370

19.10 SkillBuilder: How to develop a structured and ethical approach to research

19.11 The biggest child killer?

19.12 HIV no longer a death sentence?

19.13 Review

20 Is life the same everywhere? 375

20.1 Overview 375

20.2 Does gender affect wellbeing? 376

20.3 How does water affect wellbeing? 380

20.4 How does poverty affect wellbeing?

20.5 The great divide? 383

20.6 Is everybody equal? 388

20.7 How can wellbeing be improved for Indigenous Australians? 390

20.8 SkillBuilder: Understanding policies and strategies

20.9 How is teen pregnancy linked to wellbeing? 393

20.10 SkillBuilder: Using multiple data formats

20.11 Review

21 Trapped by conflict 398

21.1 Overview 398

21.2 Where is wellbeing affected by conflict? 399

21.3 Why is there conflict over land? 402

21.4 How can conflict change regions? 405

21.5 How does conflict affect people? 408

21.6 A case study: How is wellbeing affected in the Syrian Arab Republic? 411

21.7 What is the impact of people moving through Europe? 415

21.8 How does Australia contribute to global human wellbeing? 421

21.9 SkillBuilder: Debating like a geographer

21.10 Is all well in paradise?

21.11 How can wellbeing be addressed during conflict? 425

21.12 SkillBuilder: Writing a geographical essay

21.13 Review

Unit 5 The Modern World and Australia 431

DEPTH STUDY 1: Investigating World War II (1939–1945)

22 The causes of World War II 433

22.1 Overview 433

22.2 Examining the evidence 435

22.3 The peace treaties and the League of Nations 437

22.4 The ‘Roaring Twenties’ 442

22.5 The Great Depression 447

22.6 Communism — dream or nightmare? 452

22.7 The rise of fascism 454

22.8 The Nazis take power in Germany 460

22.9 Japanese militarism 464

22.10 The road to war in Europe 468

22.11 SkillBuilder: Analysing cause and effect using graphic organisers

22.12 Review

23 The experiences of Australians during World War II 475

23.1 Overview 475

23.2 Examining the evidence 477

23.3 Overview of World War II to 1944 479

23.4 Australians at war: enlistment and the Mediterranean battles 485

23.5 Australia under threat 490

23.6 Australians in the Pacific War: Kokoda 493

23.7 Australians in the Pacific War: beyond Kokoda 496

23.8 Australian prisoners of war 499

23.9 The Australian home front 502

23.10 Australian women at war 507

23.11 Australia’s relations with the US 513

23.12 The end of the war 515

23.13 War crimes and retribution 519

23.14 Changing international relations 524

23.15 Commemoration and contested debates 528

23.16 SkillBuilder: Using historical sources as evidence – analysing political cartoons and propaganda posters

23.17 Review

DEPTH STUDY 2: Investigating rights and freedoms (1945–the present)

24 Rights and freedoms (1945–present) 534

24.1 Overview 534

24.2 Examining the evidence 536

24.3 The beginnings of an Aboriginal protest movement 538

24.4 The Stolen Generations 543

24.5 Influence on Australia of civil rights movements abroad 547

24.6 The Freedom Ride in Australia 553

24.7 Being counted 556

24.8 Torres Strait Islander rights and freedoms 560

24.9 The Aboriginal Tent Embassy 565

24.10 Land rights and protests 568

24.11 Reconciliation 574

24.12 Fighting for equity 580

24.13 The struggle continues 586

24.14 SkillBuilder: Historical debate

24.15 Review

Glossary 594

Index 605