Live It Up 2 VCE Units 3 and 4 4E eBookPLUS & Print + StudyOn VCE Physical Education Units 3 and 4 2E Image

Live It Up 2 VCE Units 3 and 4 4E eBookPLUS & Print + StudyOn VCE Physical Education Units 3 and 4 2E

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ISBN: 9780730329305
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Jacaranda Live It Up 2 VCE Units 3 & 4, 4th Edition eBookPLUS & Print + studyON
This combined print and digital title has been re-written to provide 100% coverage of the new Study Design for 2017–2021.

The latest editions of Jacaranda’s Live It Up VCE series include these features:

  • All lessons complete with clear and colourful diagrams to assist visual learners
  • Key terms in bold and definitions can be found in the margins
  • Substantial revision section at the end of each chapter
  • Language carefully selected to appeal to students of different abilities
  • Practice questions at the end of subtopics reinforce learning
  • Key Knowledge and Key Skills from the VCE Physical Education Study Design (Units 1 & 2, 2017–2021) covered in each chapter are listed along with a chapter preview diagram
  • Current statistics, data and imagery


In addition, Jacaranda's unique exam preparation tool, studyON, is now included and fully integrated across the entire series. Featuring over 10 years of VCAA exam questions, studyON maximises every student's opportunity for exam success.

About eBookPLUS and studyON vii

How to use this resource viii

Acknowledgements x

Preface xiii

Unit 3 Movement Skills and Energy for Physical Activity 1

Chapter 1 Movement skills 3

1.1 Classification of movement skills 4

1.2 Influences on movement 11

1.3 The link between motor skill development, participation and performance 14

1.4 Qualitative analysis of movement skills 17

Key Skills 24

Chapter Review 26

Chapter summary 26

Exam preparation 26

Chapter 2 Biomechanical principles 31

2.1 Introduction to biomechanics 32

2.2 Using kinetic concepts studied in biomechanics for analysis of human movement 33

2.3 Newton’s laws of motion 43

2.4 Using kinematic concepts studied in biomechanics for analysis of human movement 48

2.5 Using principles of equilibrium, levers, stability and balance for analysis of human movement 57

Key Skills 65

Chapter Review 67

Chapter summary 67

Exam preparation 67

Chapter 3 Coaching and instruction 71

3.1 The direct (traditional) approach to instruction 72

3.2 The constraints-based approach to instruction 76

3.3 Stages of learning 87

3.4 Sociocultural influences on skill development 91

Key Skills 101

Chapter Review 102

Chapter summary 102

Exam preparation 103

Chapter 4 Practice and feedback 107

4.1 Practice amount and distribution 108

4.2 Practice variability 116

4.3 Feedback 128

4.4 Frequency and timing of feedback 134

Key Skills 139

Chapter Review 140

Chapter summary 140

Exam preparation 141

Chapter 5 Energy systems and interplay of energy systems 145

5.1 Adenosine triphosphate (ATP): the body’s energy currency 146

5.2 Energy fuels: converting food to energy 148

5.3 Energy systems and pathways 155

5.4 The ATP–CP system 159

5.5 The anaerobic glycolysis system 164

5.6 The aerobic system 170

5.7 Energy systems at work: interplay of energy systems 179

5.8 The significance of lactate 184

Key Skills 187

Chapter Review 188

Chapter summary 188

Exam preparation 192

Chapter 6 Acute physiological responses to exercise 197

6.1 Acute responses of the cardiovascular system: heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output 198

6.2 Acute responses of the cardiovascular system: blood pressure, redistribution of blood flow, arteriovenous oxygen difference 203

6.3 Acute responses of the respiratory system 206

6.4 Maximum oxygen uptake 209

6.5 Oxygen uptake at rest, oxygen deficit, steady state and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption 213

6.6 Acute responses of the muscular system 216

Key Skills 218

Chapter Review 219

Chapter summary 219

Exam preparation 220

Unit 4 Training to Improve Performance 225

Chapter 7 Activity analysis 227

7.1 What is activity analysis? 228

7.2 Methods of activity analysis: skill frequency 231

7.3 Methods of activity analysis: movement patterns 233

7.4 Methods of activity analysis: heart rates 237

7.5 Methods of activity analysis: work-to-rest ratios 240

7.6 Netball case study 242

Key Skills 247

Chapter Review 248

Chapter summary 248

Exam preparation 249

Chapter 8 Fitness components 253

8.1 Aerobic power and anaerobic capacity 254

8.2 Muscular strength, muscular power and muscular endurance 259

8.3 Speed and agility 265

8.4 Flexibility and balance 269

8.5 Body composition, coordination and reaction time 272

Key Skills 276

Chapter Review 277

Chapter summary 277

Exam preparation 278

Chapter 9 Fitness assessment: rationale and tests 281

9.1 The types of fitness testing 282

9.2 The purpose of fitness testing 285

9.3 How to conduct fitness testing 289

9.4 Fitness tests 291

9.5 Muscular strength, power and endurance tests 305

9.6 Speed and agility tests 319

9.7 Flexibility and body composition tests 326

Key Skills 339

Chapter Review 340

Chapter summary 340

Exam preparation 340

Chapter 10 Monitoring and planning a training program 343

10.1 The design of a training program 344

10.2 Periodisation of training 348

10.3 Components of an exercise training session 353

10.4 Strategies to monitor and record training 359

Key Skills 366

Chapter Review 368

Chapter summary 368

Exam preparation 369

Chapter 11 Training program principles and methods 373

11.1 Specificity, intensity and type of training 374

11.2 Time/duration and frequency 380

11.3 Progression (progressive overload), overtraining and variety 382

11.4 Diminishing returns, reversibility or detraining, maintenance and individuality 386

11.5 Continuous and interval training 389

11.6 Resistance (or weight) training 397

11.7 Flexibility and plyometrics 406

11.8 Circuit and fartlek training 413

Key Skills 416

Chapter Review 417

Chapter summary 417

Exam preparation 418

Chapter 12 Chronic adaptations to training 423

12.1 Chronic training adaptations 424

12.2 Chronic adaptations to aerobic training: cardiovascular 427

12.3 Chronic adaptations to aerobic training: respiratory 433

12.4 Chronic adaptations to aerobic training: muscular 435

12.5 Chronic adaptations to aerobic training: cardiovascular, respiratory and muscular 439

12.6 Chronic adaptations to anaerobic training 442

12.7 Chronic adaptations to resistance training: neuromuscular 446

Key Skills 448

Chapter Review 449

Chapter summary 449

Exam preparation 452

Chapter 13 Performance enhancement and recovery strategies: psychological, nutritional and hydration 457

13.1 Nutritional needs of athletes: a balanced diet 458

13.2 Nutritional needs of athletes: carbohydrates 460

13.3 Nutritional needs of athletes: protein 466

13.4 Nutritional recovery in relation to the type of sport or activity 470

13.5 Hydration needs of athletes 477

13.6 Psychological strategies to enhance performance and aid recovery: sleep, confidence and motivation 484

13.7 Psychological strategies to enhance performance and aid recovery: optimal arousal, mental imagery and concentration 490

Key Skills 499

Chapter Review 500

Chapter summary 500

Exam preparation 501

Glossary 507

Index 515